As of September 30, 2016 there were 779,814 people with disabilities registered in Romania, 36.53 pct of whom are severely disabled, shows data centralized by the Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Protection and the Elderly.
Of the total number of disabled 97.82 pct (761,831) are in family care and / or live independently (not institutionalized), while 2.18 pct (17,983 persons) are institutionalized in residential social assistance public institutions for adults with disabilities, coordinated by the Ministry through the National Authority for Persons with Disabilities.
As of September 30, 2016 people with disabilities accounted for 3.51 pct of Romania’s population, with the highest rates in the regions of South-West Oltenia, Muntenia South and North West. By counties/municipalities, the highest number of persons with disabilities is in Bucharest (62,495), followed by Prahova County (37,166), while the lowest number is in Covasna County (5,872).
According to the law, disabilities are classified as physical, visual, hearing impairment, deaf-blindness, somatic, mental, psychiatric, HIV/AIDS, multiple impairment, rare diseases.
Of the total number of adults with disabilities, people aged over 50 account for 68.98 pct. Data centralized by age groups shows that 57.97 pct of the total number of adults with disabilities are aged between 18 – 64 years (415,975 persons) and 42.03 pct are 65 years old (301,587 persons).
Persons with severe disabilities represent 36.53 pct of the total (as to 35.77 pct on September 30, 2015), those with a significant disability account for 51.92 pct (as to 52.54 pct on September 30, 2015), and those with moderate and minor disabilities 11.55 pct (as to 11.69 pct on September 30, 2015).
According to the statistical report, as of September 30, 2016 the number of public institutions of social assistance for adults with disabilities was 448 (as to 421 on September 30, 2015) of which 387 residential (as to 365 on September 30, 2015) and 61 day care facilities (as to 56 on September 30, 2015). Approximately two-thirds (59.44 pct) of the public residential institutions for adults with disabilities are care and assistance centres (29.72 pct) with 6,506 beneficiaries, and sheltered homes (29.72 pct) with 902 beneficiaries; the people who benefit by such facilities account for 41.19 pct of the total 17,983 persons in residential institutions. The 66 neuropsychiatric rehabilitation centers also serve a significant 5,992 number of people.