Romania’s road freight increased 8.8 pct in volume YoY, with a total of 216,085 million tons transported in 2016, 80 pct of which was handled by national transport, shows data centralized by the National Institute of Statistics (INS).
The domestic freight increased 3.3 percent compared to 2015. The road freight routes were 23.5 percent longer from the previous year, with the length of domestic freight routes having advanced by 8.9 percent.
Rail freight stood at 52.617 million tons, down 4.9 percent compared to 2015. Domestic transport accounted for 79.4 pct of the total.
Sea freight amounted to 46.288 million tons, of which 46.281 million tones in international transport. The total freight was 4.1 pct higher compared to 2015.
Goods shipped via inland waterways in 2016 totaled 30.484 million tons, of which national transport accounts for 48.2 pct. The volume of goods increased 1.5 pct from the previous year, the length of the route was 0.1 pct shorter.
Oil pipeline transport stood at 6.825 million tons, and air freight was 40,100 tons, up 16.9 pct compared to 2015, with international freight accounting for 98.5 pct of the figure.
A share of 63.2 pct of last year’s national road freight travelled on short distances between 1 – 49 km; 20.7 pct travelled on a distance between 50 – 149 km; and 14.3 pct on distances between 150 and 499 km. As regards the national inland waterway transport, 57.5 pct of the goods travelled over distances ranging from 150 to 299 km.
The goods accounting for the highest shares in road freight were metal ores and other mining and quarrying products, peat, uranium and thorium (28.7 pct), other non-metallic mineral products (19.9 pct), while in rail transport, coal and lignite, crude oil and natural gas accounted for the highest share (31.1 pct), followed by coke, refined petroleum products (31 pct).
In maritime freight, agricultural, hunting and forestry products, fish and other fishing products accounted for the highest share (36.7 pct), followed by coal and lignite, crude oil and natural gas (19.2 pct); in inland waterway freight, metal ores, other mining and quarrying products, peat, uranium and thorium top the list with 46.2 pct, followed by agricultural, hunting and forestry products, fish and other fishing products (30.1 pct).
Last year, 56.2 pct of the total road freight were own-account transported goods, whereas by destination, 20 pct of the total were international shipments (including transport among third states and cabotage).
Of the total international road freight of 43.128 million tons, transportation between third countries accounted for 48.9 pct, cabotage – for 23.9 pct, 13.9 pct of the shipments were loaded goods and the rest – unloaded goods.
In the international road freight 93.3 pct of the total of unloaded goods came from EU member states, while 91.6 pct of total loaded goods were bound for EU member states. The largest amounts of goods came from Germany (21.7 pct), Italy (14.4 pct) and Hungary (10.1 pct), while 21.2 pct of the loaded goods had Germany as a destination, 11.7 pct were bound for Italy and 11.2 pct for Hungary.