As of January 1, 2018, Kazakhstan has assumed presidency of the United Nations’ Security Council.
The Ambassador of Kazakhstan Daulet Batrashev told us about the main priorities of his country’s presidency and the outcomes of the first year of Kazakhstan’s membership in the UNSC.
First of all, I would like to emphasize that the presidency of the UN Security Council is a tribute and a token of trust of the international community towards Kazakhstan and its Leader – President Nursultan Nazarbayev, our foreign policy that remains peaceful, stable and well-balanced. Active peacemaking efforts and practical steps for implementation of the key foreign priorities of our country based on the principle of equal and mutually beneficial partnership encourage our partners in the Security Council and the UN to collaborate with Kazakhstan.
Of great importance is the fact that we established our priorities for the UN Security Council term right from the very beginning. They were stated in the Political Message of the President Nazarbayev to the UN Security Council under the title “Kazakhstan’s Concept and Vision for Sustaining Global Partnerships for a Secure, Just and Prosperous World” presented to the Council in January 2017 and endorsed as its official document.
From the start of its membership, Kazakhstan has participated in more than 270 formal meetings of the Security Council as well as 140 informal consultations.
Kazakh delegation has contributed to the adoption of 50 UNSC resolutions (co-authoring more than 10 of them), 20 statements of the UNSC President and a number of other documents. As a part of UNSC missions, our diplomats have visited Colombia, Haiti, Singapore, Malaysia, Afghanistan, Western and Central Africa.
Being the first ever representative of Central Asia to be elected to the Security Council, Kazakhstan pays special attention to issues related to our region and employs the Council’s potential to draw attention of the international community to this area. We set forth this priority taking into account interests of all involved countries. We support and promote return of Afghanistan to peaceful life, its economic integration with the neighboring countries assisted through multifaceted foreign aid, infrastructure and transit-transport development, strengthening of the regional potential to combat threats to peace and security.
In May 2017 consultations of experts from Central Asia and Afghanistan were held for the first time ever in New-York. Their outcome was the first draft of the UNSC President’s statement on threats in our part of the world, combating and preventing challenges through solution of the underlying causes. We actively contribute to the ongoing dialogue in this field as the president of three sanctions committees of the UNSC on ISIS/DAISH and Al-Qaida, Taliban and Somalia/Eritrea. Just the names of these committees make abundantly clear that they deal with counter-terrorism issues.
I would like to emphasize that our membership in the UNSC is positive for the whole region as it now has an opportunity of making known its position across extensive peace and security agenda. Central Asia has become much better known and understood which is also attributable to Kazakhstan’s active attitude. We promote common interests of all Central Asia in safeguarding stability and security.
In January 2018 Kazakhstan for the first time in history assumes presidency of the Security Council. The key event of our presidency will be the high-level briefing “Non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction: confidence-building measures” with participation of President Nazarbayev. Important issues of nuclear non-proliferation and peacekeeping through confidence promotion will be discussed at the briefing.
In addition, debates on Central Asia and Afghanistan, as well as quarterly ministerial level debates on the Middle East are planned to be held. We expect transparent, substantive, objective and result-oriented discussions.
Moreover, the agenda of our presidency includes a wide range of Africa-related issues. Special meetings will be devoted to the problems of Syria, Cyprus and Colombia.
As I have already noted, our interest for the presidency and, in general, membership in the UN Security Council, is to create a peaceful, stable and prosperous environment for our country and region. Kazakhstan is a large Eurasian state. Regional crises, global geopolitical tensions, problems of non-proliferation of nuclear weapons and sanction confrontations – all of this has repercussions for our country. We cannot be indifferent and, consequently, we apply maximum efforts for effective mediation. This concerns both specific conflict situations and the establishment of long-term regional security institutions
The UN Security Council is a leading global platform where we can promote our vision of peace and security. Membership in the UN Security Council highlights the role of Kazakhstan on a global scale, and strengthens the country’s position in international negotiations as a stable and responsible participant in global processes. It should be noted that some 50 countries have never been elected to the UN Security Council. The peaceful foreign policy set by President Nazarbayev more than a quarter of a century ago lies at the core of our special strategic approach to solving global problems through dialogue and confidence building. Ultimately, it has led Kazakhstan to be elected as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council for 2017-2018.
In this regard, it is important to mention important initiatives and concrete efforts of Kazakhstan on the international arena such the convening of the Conference on Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia (CICA), Congress of Leaders of World and Traditional Religions and the conduction of negotiations on the Iranian nuclear program and Syria. Kazakhstan became well-recognized in the world through the successful presidency in the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) and other entities. Currently, we have a very substantial capacity for employment in future mediation efforts.
Thus, the UNSC presidency is important for us being a unique opportunity in terms of promoting large-scale international initiatives put forward by my President. The Security Council experience will allow us to move towards the achievement of the strategic goal of building a world free of conflicts as stated in President Nazarbayev’s Manifesto: ” World. The 21st century”. This is a whole new level of interaction with other countries and an opportunity to declare national priorities.
The election of Kazakhstan as a non-permanent member of the Security Council is a natural stage in the growing influence of our country in international politics and, at the same time, a major credit of trust from the international community, that we are to fulfill as the President of this key structure in the field of global security.
Regarding our membership in the Security Council, we attach great significance to constructive interaction with our international partners, including Romania. The approaches of our countries to the solution of key issues of our time coincide, and thanks to the annual foreign policy consultations we have an opportunity to regularly coordinate our positions.
The political dialogue between Astana and Bucharest is distinguished by its confidence-based and dynamic character, which has a positive impact on the development of interaction in other spheres. The bilateral trade and economic cooperation made a big leap forward in 2017, while on the cultural and humanitarian track Romania is one of our most important partners in Eastern Europe.
I am confident that in 2018 our countries will continue to cooperate intensively in the context of Kazakhstan’s membership in the UN Security Council, as well as the preparation for Romania’s Presidency in the European Council in the first semester of 2019. This will allow us to achieve new, even more impressive results, most importantly in the field of multilateral diplomacy.