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January 31, 2023

PG Lazar attends conference on independence of justice in Morocco

Prosecutor General Augustin Lazar participated between 2-4 April in an international conference in Marrakech, Morocco, on “Independence of judiciary power, between guaranteeing the rights of respondents and observing the rules of the functioning of justice.”

According to a release of the General Prosecutor’s Office, the main topics tackled at the conference were: the development of the independence of justice in a changing world; society’s expectations from an independent judiciary; making the judicial system ethical between the legal approach and the deontological approach; the governance” of the judicial administration and the promotion of efficiency; facilitating access to law and justice and the right of access to information.

In the panel titled “Independence of the Prosecutor,” Augustin Lazar delivered a speech on “Prosecutor’s Independence and the Rule of Law,” in which he presented a short history of the Romanian Public Service, as well as the main issues concerning the independence of the prosecutor in Romania, constituted for the first time in the Judicial Organization Act of 1938, whereby the Prosecutors of the High Court of Cassation became irremovable in conditions similar to those of the judges.

In line with this tradition, the Romanian Constitution of 2003, republished in Chapter 6, Title III, regulates the status of prosecutors, stating that they are part of the judicial authority and not the executive.

Based on these considerations, Augustin Lazar showed that the specific independence of the judiciary – including the magistrates prosecutors – defends itself with professionalism, dignity and firmness, using the legal instruments provided by law.

At the same time, Lazar had a working meeting with M’Hammed Abdenabaoui, President of the Public Ministry and Moroccan Prosecutor General, discussing the independence of the judiciary, international judicial cooperation and analyzing the opportunities for developing the cooperation between prosecutors in the two countries.

Augustin Lazar also met with Xeni Dimitriou, Greek Prosecutor General, Joana Marques Vidal, Prosecutor General of Portugal, Gianluca Esposito, GRECO Executive Secretary, Victoria Palau, Euromed Justice team leader, Stephen L. Dreyfuss, former President of the International Lawyers’ Association, Patrick Vandenbruwaene, President of the College of Prosecutors General of Belgium, as well as other outstanding personalities from the international legal environment.

In the context of the conference, Augustin Lazar participated, at the invitation of the Moroccan prosecutor, general, in a working dinner attended by French-speaking Prosecutors General.

The conference aims at creating a platform for studying a set of topical legal issues, compiling ideas, exchanging views, and sharing the professional expertise of participants, the quoted source said.

At the event, more than 20 ministers of justice and prosecutors general from the European Union, America, Asia, and Africa made presentations and concluded international judicial cooperation agreements. EU, GRECO and Euromed experts, presidents of high courts, professors from prestigious law universities, have also spoken.

The Public Ministry delegation also included Nicoleta Stefanov, a prosecutor at the International Judicial Cooperation Service, international relations and programs within the Prosecutor’s Office attached to the High Court of Cassation and Justice (PICCJ).

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