The number of suspended companies running on foreign capital in Romania rose by 66.52% during the first two months of the year, compared to the same period of 2017, while the number of dissolved companies increased by 74.21%, according to the data National Council of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises of Romania (CNIPMMR) Chairman Florin Jianu provided in a conference on Monday.
CNIPMMR statistics show that during the first 3 months the legislative framework was greatly modified, being adopted 120 legislative modifications to the Tax Code, which affected the activities of small and medium-sized enterprises.
At a general level, the official data show that during the first 3 months of the year, 835 normative acts were adopted, and over 45% of the laws and ordinances have affected enterprises directly and significantly, including small and medium businesses (fiscal legislation, statements and mandatory contributions, etc.).
According to the CNIPMMR chairman, the changes to the fiscal legislation have generated multiple negative effects upon SMEs, of which : growth of taxation, growth of bureaucracy for all taxpayers and employers, the growth of staff costs, administrative expenses concerning updating IT software, the necessity of a restructure (individual or mass layoffs) and also problems of ensuring competitiveness and the progress of contracts upon export.
The audit of employers shows that during the period of January – February 2018, direct investments of non-resident citizens of Romania went down by 3.17%, summing up 794 million euro (compared to 820 million euro during the same period of 2017), of which participations for capital (including the estimated reinvested net profit) accounted for 592 million euro, and intra-group credits recorded a net worth of 202 million euro.
Furthermore, the number of new companies running on foreign capital amounts to 848 and have a subscribed share capital of over 3.59 million dollars, which is lower by 57.9%, according the information included in the CNIPMMR report, that quotes the ONRC statistic.
On the other hand, during January 1 – February 28, 2018, the number of suspended companies went up by 66.52% (4,108, compared to 2,467 during the same interval of 2017), and the number of dissolved companies amounted to 6,397, compared to 3,672, with a growth of 74.21%. Also, the number of deregistrations went up by 19.25%, to 15,254, and insolvencies grew by 28.07%, reaching 1,492, as opposed to 1,165 during the similar period of last year.
CNIPMMR requests the initiation of a REFIT program of simplifying the legislative framework in Romania, similar to the REFIT Program initiated by the European Commission during 2002, which will ensure data coding, legislation reform, repealing and eliminating normative acts, useless or irrelevant, the review and withdraw of some acts during the process of being drawn up, replacing mandatory acts, from a legal stand point, with not as strict alternatives, such as voluntary accords (auto-ruling, self-ruling), with 835 normative acts in 3 months being very difficult to know and implement during this short period of time.
Also, the Council members request that the principles for smart regulation be respected: A decisional process, open and transparent, a quality social dialogue, the evaluation, in a systematic way, of the impact of legislation upon SMEs, conducting the “SME test” and applying the principle “Think first at a smaller scale,” respecting fiscal principles, in order to ensure a stable legal framework, predictable and reasonable, and reestablishing the investors’ trust.
“Doing arithmetic of this pseudo tax revolution shows wages actually dropped”
The pseudo tax revolution translated into a 3-lei wage rise, but arithmetically it actually incurred pay decreases, president of Romania’s National Council of Small and Medium-sized Private Enterprises (CNIPMMR) Florin Jianu told a press conference on Monday.
“I look at the increase of the average wage mathematically, that’s the way we should consider it. If the minimum wage went up, whereas the average wage stayed the same – because 3 lei is a negligible figure – this means a sort of decrease. If the average stayed the same and the lower part moved up, it means that the upper part – that is the average wage has gone lower. The upper class moved downwards towards the lower class. This means that many employees actually had their wage trimmed, that is the above-average pays. So the pseudo tax revolution ended up in a 3-lei [rise]…,” Jianu said.
According to the National Institute for Statistics, the net average monthly wage was 2,487 lei this February, by 3 lei higher compared to the previous month. The gross nominal average wage was 4,128 lei.