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October 5, 2022

DIICOT starts criminal probe in rem for high treason following Ludovic Orban’s complaint against PM Viorica Dancila

The prosecutors of the Directorate for the Investigation of Organised Crime and Terrorism (DIICOT) have started a criminal probe in rem for high treason, following the complaint that PNL leader Ludovic Orban filed against Premier Viorica Dancila.

“The criminal probe in rem (Dancila/Orban case) into the committal of the crime stipulated by Article 398 of the Criminal Code (high treason), related to Article 394, Section b, and Article 407, Section 1, of the Criminal Code (divulging a secret that jeopardises national security), started on 07.06.2018,” DIICOT informed on Thursday.

On June 6, DIICOT Chief Prosecutor Daniel Horodniceanu stated that information from the intelligence services will be requested in this case, considering that the complaint concerns high treason, and that a part of the documents needed to handle the case will be demanded from the Government.

“The usual way to investigate a DIICOT dossier is through the delegation of police officers. In this case, the reproaches in the complaint lodged by Mr Orban are aspects that concern treason and high treason, which, according to the stipulations of the Criminal Procedure Code, can be handled with the intelligence services at the level of information or at the level of technical measures. If these services have such information, because the crimes are denounced as being already committed, not in process of being committed, it means that such information – which cannot be in the hand of the Police, because there is no way for that – are potentially found within the portfolio of the intelligence services, or not. We don’t know. We are about to see. There may or may not be information. But if there is, it will definitely be sent to us, even in a non-processed form, because that’s what the law says. Likewise, a part of the documents will be demanded from the Government. This does not mean the Government will work on the DIICOT case,” Horodniceanu added.

On May 17, Ludovic Orban lodged with the Prosecutor’s Office attached to the High Court of Cassation and Justice (PICCJ) a criminal complaint against Premier Viorica Dancila and PSD leader Liviu Dragnea. The PNL leader accuses Dancila of “high treason, usurpation of office, the leaking of non-public information, and presenting – in bad faith – to the Romanian President inaccurate information meant to hide the committal of acts liable to harm the interests of the state,” over the relocation of the Romanian embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. Ludovic Orban accuses Viorica Dancila of publicly revealing confidential information and of presenting to the Romanian President false information concerning the memorandum that the Government adopted concerning the relocation of the Romanian embassy to Israel. The PICCJ declined the case toward DIICOT.

On June 10, PSD leader Liviu Dragnea stated for Antena3 that Daniel Horodniceanu’s term as Chief Prosecutor of the DIICOT was extended “in a coordinated fashion,” and that it is “a clear action, an order from Iohannis,” against the backdrop in which PNL President Ludovic Orban had filed a criminal complaint against Premier Viorica Dancila for high treason. Dragnea stated that he hopes no prosecutor would risk as much as to play into this “insanity.”

“I don’t know whether they will push forward the insanity. What I can surely tell you is that it is a very firm order. I mean, it’s not by chance that [Daniel] Horodniceanu was immediately put to manage the DIICOT as acting Chief Prosecutor, because it was not mandatory to appoint him once again. That was done in a coordinated fashion. ‘We keep you, do something about that.’ I hope no prosecutor would risk as much as to play into this insanity. It’s insanity. Very many prosecutors risk paying a heavy price. Their fear makes them completely devoid of reason. There are some who are trying to move away from this poisoned area, there are others who no longer want to take part in these executions and abuses, and there are others who – out of fear or because that’s how they feel like – are staying there like amazons, until the last member of the deep state dies. Yes, they must pay, because there are Criminal Code provisions that were not implemented, but they will be. And I’m telling you, people from various prosecutor’s offices have started to talk, there are plenty of them who can hardly wait to start and talk,” Liviu Dragnea stated.

Following these statements, the Supreme Magistracy Council’s Section for Prosecutors asked the Judicial Inspection to carry out verifications to establish whether the independence of the judicial system was affected.


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