POLITICS

Viktor Orban: 100 years ago, Romania entered the modern era. For us it’s not a moment of festivity. For 100 years Romania hasn’t known what to do with the more than one million Hungarians. Reactions

Hungarian Premier Viktor Orban stated on Saturday, at the Summer University in Baile Tusnad, Harghita County, that Romania entered the modern era 100 years ago but for Hungarians that does not represent “a moment of festivity,” that for 100 years Romania has not known what to do with the 1.5 million Hungarians, and that Bucharest claims that the Szekely Land does not exist.

“One hundred years ago, Romania entered the modern era. (…) We understand that, from their standpoint, it is a moment of festivity, but they too should understand that it is not a moment of festivity for us,” Orban said.

He added that “for one hundred years, modern Romania has not known what to do with the fact that 1.5 million Hungarians are living here, and Bucharest claims that the Szekely Land does not even exist,” according to MTI.

Invoking UDMR’s slogan – ‘1,000 years in Transylvania, 100 years in Romania’ – with which he expressed agreement, the Hungarian Premier emphasised that “the Szekely Land existed even when modern Romania did not, and it will exist even when the whole of Europe will have surrendered to Islam.”

“Instead of denying reality, we should see the situation as a resource. We should see Transylvania as a resource, we should want an ever stronger Szekely Land, an increasingly stronger Hungarian community. This would mean added strength for Romania too,” the Hungarian Premier stated.

The Summer University is taking place in Baile Tusnad, the event being organised by Hungary’s ‘Pro Minority’ Foundation, the Hungarian Youth Council of Romania, and the CNMT.

 

Hungary’s Orban at Baile Tusnad: The EU has a primitive policy towards Russia

 

Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban said on Saturday at the Baile Tusnad Summer University, the central Romanian county of Harghita that, in his opinion, the European Union is pursuing a “primitive” policy towards Russia.

“My point is that the EU is conducting a primitive policy toward Russia, if I may say so, by claiming that Russia is a danger, because there are indeed member states in the EU who may rightfully feel threatened by Russia. We are talking about the Baltic countries, about Poland their history and geographical proximity confirm that – but most countries in the EU do not feel this threat: neither do the Slovaks, nor the Czechs, and there is no reason for us to believe that Russia would be a threat to us. It is very clear that the Baltic states, Poland and other countries would benefit from additional NATO and EU security guarantees to feel safe, but the rest of the countries should benefit from developing relations with Russia. So instead of this primitive policy towards Russia, we should have a much more specialised policy, much better defined policy with Russia,” Orban said according to the official translation.

In his opinion, it must be understood that Russia will continue to create buffer zones around it, this being the context in which Russian-American relations should be analysed.

“We will have to see what happens to the Russian-American relations, what the Americans do with these relations. We have to understand very clearly that Russia sees itself as a country that is not safe unless there are buffer zones around it. So, Russia will continue to create these buffer zones around the country. It is what happened to Ukraine, but the Ukrainians have clearly said that they do not want to be part of this buffer zone, they want to get closer to the EU and NATO and they want to build a modern Ukraine, I do not believe that Ukrainians’ aspiration to be part of the EU or NATO is grounded in reality. It is very clear that the goal of the Russians is to restore the old status quo and to keep its influence in Ukraine. Given the context, we need to analyse a little the Russian-American relations,” said Orban.

The Hungarian prime minister also mentioned the US and China, arguing that the United States would want to change the rules of international games in order not to give in to China.

“Processes and time are on the side of the Chinese people; Americans are obviously not going to stop, and they will continue their attempts, it is clear that they want to change the rules of international games in order not to give in to China. No one is able to tell whether the Americans manage to do that without an armed conflict, but it is clear that this intention exists, this will not to give up this fight with China. They want to eliminate the trade surplus favouring the EU against the US. That is what it’s all about when looking at the battles between the US and the EU, over, for example, customs agreements or customs tariffs that the US wants to impose,” Orban explained, according to the official translation.

He added that Europe’s security also depends on stability in Turkey and Israel: “Our security here also depends on stability in Turkey and in Israel. If Turkey, for example, continues to be a stable country, then the migratory wave can be stopped (…) It is our interest that there is stability in the countries there to control the migration phenomenon, and that also applies to Israel. If stability is lost there, then there will be a huge threat from the Muslims of the region, so we are interested in having political stability and political leaders with a clear vision of these issues in the countries mentioned.”

Orban once again advocated for the establishment of an EU armed forces, an idea that he put forth in previous years.

“It is very clear that, given the context, it is impossible for us to continue with our lives as we have done so far. We need stability, we need security. It is very good that we have NATO here, that we have support (…) but we can no longer continue this way. We need our own EU military force in addition to NATO. It is very good that we have NATO but the EU should develop its own armed forces. We have the funds, we have a political will to get that so the EU may have its own army,” said Orban.

As in previous years, the Hungarian prime minister delivered a joint presentation with MEP Tokes Laszlo on the last day of the Baile Tusnad Summer University.

 

“Hungary is interested in a strong, stable Romania”

 

“Hungary is interested in a strong and stable Romania able to stave off migration”, Hungary’s Prime Minister Viktor Orban showed on Saturday at the Tusvanyos Summer University in Baile Tusnad, Harghita County.

“One thing we have to say from the very beginning: Hungary is interested in a strong and stable Romania. How long will orthodoxy here stand and how much will Romania be able to stave off the migration phenomenon? It is a matter of security, of national security both for Romania and Hungary, and it is also a key issue for the Austrians and the Germans, but Austria and Germany have yet to realise that, but we hope that this recognition on their part will not be delayed too long,” said Orban, according to the official translation.

He mentioned that he wished Romanians great success, recommending them, at the same time, to prevent “double economic deficit.”

“It is very important to rejoice that there is economic development in Romania, but if this development is based only on loans, it is very difficult to avoid this situation in which there will be a double deficit. It will be a big government debt and a lot of loans taken out at the same time (…) which is not good. We have fallen into this trap and it has been difficult to break the deadlock and we want Romania not to have the problems that we had,” Orban said.

He added that he wanted to have a “good and special relationship” with each political party in Romania and expressed his regret that neither Romanian politicians nor members of the Romanian government answered his invitation to attend the Baile Tusnad Summer University.

“It is a pity that we do not have a guest with whom to have a real dialogue, and we could indeed demonstrate that it is absolutely beneficial and valuable to have a dialogue. (…) It would be ideal to have an interlocutor, a representative , why not of the Romanian government or of someone else. (…) We have had such opportunities and we hope to have interlocutors in the future as well,” said Orban.

 

Reactions to Orban’s statements on Romania’s Centennial

 

Ponta: The centennial is a festive moment, a year of pride and joy, and Viktor Orban should have shut up. If Romania were to have leaders that inspire respect, he wouldn’t take the liberty to offend us

 

Ex-Premier Victor Ponta claims that Hungarian Premier Viktor Orban “should have shut up” when he said that the Centennial Year is not a festive moment for Hungarians, pointing out that, if we were to have “leaders that inspire respect” he would not have taken the liberty to offend us. Ponta claims Viktor Orban knows his Romanian counterparts “see him as a role model today and are willing to sell out, for money and personal interest, everything gained in one hundred years.”

“For Romanians the Centennial of the Great Union is a festive moment, a year of pride and joy, and Premier Viktor Orban should have shut up (if unable to express himself respectfully and politely), but also a moment in which we must see the huge difference between the national political leaders that the Romanian people had in 1918 and the gang of illiterate thieves that is governing us in 2018!”, Victor Ponta wrote on his Facebook account.

Ponta claims that, had we had “leaders that inspire respect,” the Hungarian Premier would not have taken the liberty to offend us.

“If Romania were to have leaders that inspire respect, Viktor Orban would definitely not take the liberty to offend us in our home. However, he knows his Romanian counterparts see him like a role model today and are willing to sell out, for money and personal interest, everything gained in one hundred years!”, he added.

 

Tomac: Viktor Orban came to Romania with a primitive, offensive approach, outright contemptuous toward Romanian citizens. He doesn’t understand one elementary thing – after 1990 Romania managed to perfectly integrate the Hungarian community

 

Referring to Hungarian PM Viktor Orban’s statements on the Centennial of the Great Union, Popular Movement Party (PMP) President Eugen Tomac stated that the Hungarian PM came to Romania “with a primitive, offensive and outright contemptuous approach.” Tomac said that Orban fails to understand that, after 1990, Romania integrated the Hungarian community so that, among other things, UDMR is in Parliament, is part of the ruling coalition, and has access to education in the maternal language.

“I have seen how Hungarian officials, starting with Prime Minister Viktor Orban, are lecturing us on how we should treat Romanian citizens, regardless of the language they speak. Viktor Orban has come to Romania with a primitive, offensive approach, outright contemptuous toward Romanian citizens and Romania,” Eugen Tomac stated in a press conference.

Tomac said that the Hungarian Premier does not understand the fact that, since 1990, Romania has integrated the Hungarian community, UDMR is in Parliament, part of the PSD-ALDE ruling coalition, and several counties are represented by members of the Hungarian minority.

“We notice that the Prime Minister of Hungary has an outrightly primitive behaviour and does not understand a basic thing: after 1990, Romania managed to perfectly integrate the Hungarian community, UDMR has been in Parliament since 1990, has taken part most of the time in the act of governance, at present is part of a Coalition, alongside PSD and ALDE, even though it does not have ministers within the Government. From the standpoint of political representation, the counties of Harghita and Covasna are led by representatives of the Hungarian minority, they also govern in Mures County, decide in Satu Mare and Bihor too,” Tomac added.

The PMP President called Viktor Orban’s statements an insult to the Romanian state.

“From a political standpoint, I believe the Hungarian minority is perfectly integrated in the structures of the Romanian state, they are represented, they have access to what is essential for a minority, namely to education in the maternal language and to resources that the Romanian state offers so that it maintains its specificity and identity. That is precisely why we believe that such statements made here, on the territory of Romania, during an extremely important year, represent an insult to the Romanian state,” he added.

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