Every year, on the last Sunday of March, Romanians advance their clock with one hour, because Romania makes the transition to the Daylight saving time. More precisely, on the night separating March 30 from March 31, 2019, all the clocks in Romania will be advanced one hour. 3:00 AM becomes 04:00 AM.
Thus, the day of March 31 will have only 23 hours, instead of 24 hours, for this reason. The clocks will be advanced one hour at the same time, in all the EU member countries.
Daylight saving time was proposed for the first time by an entomologist in the New Zeeland, George Vernon Hudson, in 1895. 110 countries all over the world are currently using this mechanism. In Europe, Iceland is the only country not using the Daylight saving time. Russia began to implement this system since 1981, but it gave up 20 years later, for the reason that it doesn’t want to stress its citizens, according to Mediafax.
In Romania, Daylight saving time was implemented for the first time in 1932. Until 1939, Daylight saving time functioned every year, between the first Sunday of April (in 1932: May 22), at 12:00 midnight, and the first Sunday of October, at 1:00 AM (local time). Between April 1, 1940, at 12:00 midnight, and November 2, 1942, at 3:00 AM, the Daylight saving time was permanently in force in Romania.
Starting from 1943, the practice of making the transition to the Daylight saving time was suspended. The Daylight saving time was reimplemented in Romania starting with 1979. In 1996, taking into account the benefits of extending the summer time with one hour, in order to have a maximum benefit from the daylight, the summer time was extended with one additional month in Europe.
Doctors believe people need around one week to adapt to the summer time, because they have to wake up one hour earlier than they got used to.
For those who have certain diseases, the consequences of changing the biological rhythm could be even more serious.
European Parliament has voted for waiving the Daylight saving time
On Tuesday, MEPs voted with a large majority for the abolition of the seasonal changes of the time in the European Union in 2021.
410 MEPs voted for the proposition, 192 voted against it and 51 refrained.
According to a proposal adopted early this month also by the European Parliament’s Committee on Transport and Tourism, the EU member states will waive the practice of changing the time twice a year and will decide if they prefer to keep the standard or winter time or to permanently keep the Daylight saving time.
According to the draft resolution, European countries who decide to permanently keep the Daylight saving time will make the last change to this end on the last Sunday of March in 2021. On the other hand, the countries who prefer to keep the standard or winter time can make the last change of the time on the last Sunday of October 2021.
Member States must inform the European Commission on their choice before implementing the measure, until April 2020, then they must coordinate with the EU executive in order for their individual decision not to affect the functioning of the single market.
This coordination actually means that all the parties have to overcome their problems in fields such as the flight schedule and the schedule of other transportation means. If the European Commission will notice any implementation problems, it may decide that the measure will be implemented with a 12-month delay.
The European Commission proposed in 2018 the abolition of the seasonal change of time as a result of a poll at the EU level, which was overwhelmingly supportive. Actually, out of 4.6 million answers, 84% of them were in favor of waiving the time changes.
Initially, the Commission wanted to impose waiving this practice starting with 2019, but the rapidity of the approach has been resisted by some Member States.