On December 16, 1991, a crucial event in the history of the Kazakh people took place. For the first time Kazakhstan gained the legally formalized status of an independent state recognized by the world community.
Currently, the Republic of Kazakhstan is a respected player and voice in the regional and international arena. The country is the number one economy in Central Asia, holding 60% of the region’s GDP.
It is the ninth largest country in the world, having a diversified population of over 130 ethnic groups who live in harmony and peace. With over 1 million inhabitants, its capital, Nur-Sultan, is one of the most modernized cities in the region and home to many futuristic buildings designed by renowned architects.
The rich history of this state situated in Central Asia dates back to the times when Nomadic tribes populated the region, but it was only at the beginning of the fifteenth century when the Kazakh identity came into being. Kazakh culture has been shaped by the nomadic pastoral lifestyle, with Islamic and Turkic, as well as modern influences (Russian and Chinese) playing an important part in its development. It is for this reason why Kazakhstan is a cultural treasure with an invaluable contribution to the cultural heritage of humanity.
This is a special contribution and historical significance of the personality of the First President – Elbasy Nursultan Nazarbayev and today a distinctive feature highlights his role in the formation, strengthening and development of independent Kazakhstan, as well as in the successful solution of the most difficult tasks facing the state in the era of sovereign development.
Under his leadership, Kazakhstan has become an independent, politically and economically independent state, and confidently found the optimal balance between the strength of statehood and the development of universally recognized democratic values. As a visionary strategist, in his annual Messages to the people of Kazakhstan, he puts special emphasis on the direction of socio-economic development, adjusting the tasks in accordance with the challenges of the time.
It should be recognized that Nursultan Nazarbayev is the initiator and inspirer of many international formats, in addition to being the author of ideas from regional and economic integration to the creation of the concept of global nuclear disarmament, as well as effective instruments of inter-civilizational dialogue. The range of foreign policy initiatives of the First President is very wide.
Due to the gigantic efforts of the First President, the international authority of Kazakhstan was strengthened. To this day, Kazakhstan plays an active role in the system of international relations and occupies a worthy place on the political map of the world. Kazakhstan is represented in the UN, OSCE, CICA, OIC, SCO, UNESCO, IMF and many other authoritative international organizations.
The First President of Kazakhstan, showing political wisdom and strategic foresight, not only took responsibility for its future, but also played a crucial role in the development of Kazakhstan’s model of state construction, as well as updating the ideological basis of the New Kazakhstan Patriotism-Mangilik El.
Nursultan Nazarbayev is the chief architect of integration processes in the Eurasian space. Evidence of this is the creation of the Customs Union and the CES of Kazakhstan, Russia, Belarus, as well as the Eurasian economic Union (EAEU) on his initiative.
Another evidence of the great recognition of Kazakhstan as a stable and responsible member of the international community is the election of a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council. Recall that since the beginning in 2010, Kazakhstan has had a prestigious chairmanship in the Organization for security and cooperation in Europe and on December 1, 2010, a unique summit of OSCE heads of state was held in the capital.
Nursultan Nazarbayev’s proposal to sign The Treaty on the total ban of nuclear tests and launch the ATOM Project in the field of nuclear disarmament and global security shows that Kazakhstan is one of the few countries in the world that convincingly speaks out in the fight against nuclear tests.
On August 29, 1991, the closure of one of the largest nuclear test sites in the world in Semipalatinsk, which has historical significance, took place. At present, on the initiative of the First President, August 29 is the “International day of action against nuclear tests”.
An unprecedented step in history – the voluntary refusal of the young independent Kazakhstan from the world’s 4th Arsenal of nuclear weapons-received wide resonance in the world community. Moreover, in the territory of Kazakhstan after the collapse of the USSR there was a sufficient amount of enriched uranium suitable for the production of atomic bombs.
At the same time, Nursultan Nazarbayev’s proposal to develop and adopt the plan of the Global Strategic Initiative – 2045 aimed at building a world free from armed conflicts and WMD threats is of the utmost importance. The country has proved that it is possible to move towards achieving its goals peacefully.
A special place in the policy of the First President of Kazakhstan is occupied by the sphere of interethnic relations. Kazakhstan is a country where representatives of more than 130 ethnic groups live today. The President managed to turn the multinational factor in the true wealth of the Republic. In his regular addresses to the population of Kazakhstan, he invariably made calls to preserve stability and mutual understanding, which the country is so proud of.
On the initiative of the First President of the country, the Assembly of people of Kazakhstan was created, which became an important element of the political system of Kazakhstan, which consolidated the interests of all ethnic groups, ensuring strict observance of the rights and freedoms of citizens regardless of their nationality. The Assembly of people of Kazakhstan has no analogues in the world.
The initiative to convene the Congress of leaders of world and traditional religions, which has become a global dialogue platform recognized by the world community, is unique and at the same time of particular importance. Nursultan Nazarbayev brought new ideas of the vision of building peace and forming a culture of mutual understanding and respect. At the Congress, religious leaders, spiritual authorities from all over the world in the spirit of mutual respect and cooperation discuss the most pressing problems of our time.
Behind all this, the colossal and huge multifaceted activity of the First President of Kazakhstan is seen.
On March 19, 2019, the historic address of the First President Nursultan Nazarbayev to the people of Kazakhstan was held, in which he announced the voluntary resignation of the President of the country and signed his last decree in this capacity. This decision of Nursultan Nazarbayev opens a new page in the history of Kazakhstan.
The first President, having resigned as head of state, remains the most influential person in the politics of Kazakhstan. His status as Chairman of the security Council and Chairman of the Nur Otan party allows him to concentrate on strategic issues of the country’s development, as well as fully influence all processes taking place in Kazakhstan.
Since then, Kazakhstanis have witnessed the election of Kassym-Jomart Tokayev as President, who set succession-based priorities for leading the people.