The Parliament has convened on Monday in a solemn session dedicated to the 30th anniversary of the Romanian Revolution of December 1989. The session started with the singing of the National Anthem, after which a moment of silence was held.
On the occasion, President Klaus Iohannis, the chairs of the two Chambers of Parliament – Teodor Melescanu (Senate) and Marcel Ciolacu (Chamber of Deputies), Prime Minister Ludovic Orban, NATO Deputy Secretary General Mircea Geoana, and representatives of the parliamentary groups delivered speeches.
President Iohannis: Justice must establish truth about Revolution, hold those guilty accountable
President Klaus Iohannis stated on Monday that the state has “delayed for far too long” the discovery of the truth about the Revolution in 1989 and emphasized that justice must hold those guilty accountable.
“Today marks 30 years since the start of the Revolution of December 1989, 30 years since the moment much blood was shed in the name of liberty and democracy. In those days, Romanians roared with all their might ‘Down with communism.’ The sacrifice of the Romanians in those moments, defining for the later progress of Romania, brought us freedom and made possible today’s existence as citizens of a democratic state in which the dignity of the person, the human rights and freedoms, justice and pluralism are supreme values. It’s appropriate to mark with piety and gratitude the founding moment of Romanian democracy. We have the duty, above all else, to honor the supreme sacrifice of the heroes and martyrs who gave their lives in December 1989,” Iohannis stated at the solemn session of Parliament dedicated to the 30th anniversary of the Revolution of December 1989.
“After 1990, there were different initiatives through which the memory of those who gave their lives in December 1989 was honored. Streets were named, public forum monuments were built, events for commemoration were organized. With one thing have we remained in debt – we have not found out the truth about what happened during the anticommunist revolt of 1989. The sacrifice of those Romanians who stood, with their chests bare, in front of the bullets, the tanks and the most atrocious forms of torture, cannot remain without the answers to the fundamental questions that regard the Revolution. The Romanian state has delayed for far too long the discovery of the truth and this is a cornerstone challenge for the Romanian Justice. Finding out the truth is a necessity for the victims and their descendants, for Romanians, for our common future. A true democracy is built on truth and justice and this major debt of the Romanian justice represents a ghost that will haunt us all for a long time to come. Thus, Justice must establish the truth and hold those guilty accountable!” said the head of state.
He emphasized that Romania, ” a country built on the sacrifice of Romanian heroes and martyrs, which has embraced the values of rule of law, a member-state of the European Union and NATO, who chose the path of liberal democracy, cannot be indifferent to the crimes and abuses committed by the communist regime in December 1989.”
According to the head of state, the 45 years of communist dictatorship “broke abruptly the natural ties with the European family” and pushed Romania away from European values and principles.
“This age in our history was marked by a profound despise for the law, restrained human rights and freedoms, by fear and terror, by shortcomings and many humiliations. The communist regime installed itself through force against the free will of Romanians, and its collapse followed the same pattern, through crimes, abuses and the trampling of law,” said the head of state.
Iohannis showed that, on the basis of uncontestable evidence, historians and specialists in recent history concluded that the communist regime was “illegitimate and criminal,” and Romanians suffered the consequences of a Stalinist dictatorship which annihilated political pluralism, destroyed the traditional constitutional order, repressed elites, persecuted and threw into dungeons and camps its opposition, regardless of political color, gender, race, ethnic background or religious conviction.
“In the years of the dictatorship, the repression of the regime against its own people reached paroxysm, and the phenomenon of social extermination reached all social categories. Communism destroyed the historical and cultural patrimony, introduced censorship and informative control and generalized police terror,” Iohannis added.
He mentioned that the Revolution put an end to the long line of “monstrosities”, but at an “immense cost”, given that 1,100 people were killed, and over 3,000 persons were “maimed forever.”
“In the bloody days of December 1989, the state authorities, which should have protected Romanians, turned into executioners, flagrantly violating human rights. The repressive institutions of the regime, headed by the Securitate [communist-era secret police – e.n.] of Ceausescu, repressed peaceful protesters, denied them their liberty illegally, tortured them and desecrated corpses,” Iohannis concluded.
Declaration devoted to marking 30 years since the Revolution of December 1989, adopted by Parliament
Parliament adopted on Monday in a joint plenary solemn session a Declaration devoted to marking 30 years since the Revolution of December 1989, highlighting that the fight of the Romanian people against communism must further represent a source of moral and political inspiration to deal with the challenges of the world today.
“In the context of commemorating 30 years since the Romanian Revolution of December 1989 and the fall of communism, Romania’s Parliament condemns in the most categorical of terms the acts of aggression, the crimes against humanity and the flagrant violations of the human rights committed during the communist regime,” the Declaration adopted by Parliament points out.
The Legislature voices its gratitude for “all the acts of dissidence manifested under any form against the communist regime, starting with the fight of anti-communist resistance in the mountains, the Workers’ Revolt of Brasov in 1987 and ending with the gratitude for the courage and sacrifice of the Romanian revolutionaries of 1989.”
According to the document, the Parliament members voice their deep respect for each victim of the totalitarian communist regime and of the Revolution. They reiterate the commitment to the principles, values and goals of the Romanian Revolution and maintain “the need to continue consolidating democracy and the universal values of human rights, speeding up the procedure on the return of goods abusively confiscated during the communist regime, the balanced economic development of the country, strengthening the rule of law, the actions for a strong solidarity among Europe’s nations.”
Moreover, “Parliament firmly condemns the manifestation under any circumstance of totalitarian, communist, populist and nationalist ideas and disapproves any manifestation seeking the distortion of historical facts and using a symbolism and rhetoric specific to totalitarian propaganda, including racism, anti-Semitism and hatred against national minorities.”
The adopted document stresses “the importance of continuing the demarches of Justice to identify and hold accountable those who are guilty for the death of over 1,000 persons in the December 1989 Revolution.”
“Parliament supports the demarches of the relevant authorities in the process of deconspiring all those who contributed to the functioning of the hideous communist regime and highlights that the fight of the Romanian people against communism and the Romanian Revolution of December 1989 must further represent a source of moral and political inspiration to deal with the challenges of the world today, among which the need to build a more equitable world, a democratic Romania, an open and tolerant society and community,” the Declaration adopted by Parliament also reads.