Romania has entered today its last day of a coronavirus lockdown, two months after its establishment by presidential decree.
On May 4, President Klaus Iohannis announced that the state of emergency would not be extended.
“The state of emergency will not be extended, I will not issue a new decree to extend the state of emergency and thus May 14 is the last day we will be under a state of emergency. From May 15, to keep the epidemic under control, we will enter a so-called state of alert, (…) which is provided by specific legislation that clarifies how to act in the event of an epidemic and we are clearly, unfortunately, in an epidemic of COVID-19,” Iohannis said back then.
He ordered a first 30-day lockdown on March 16, after which he extended it on April 14 for another 30 days.
The state of emergency in Romania came just days after the World Health Organisation declared a coronavirus pandemic.
To date, more than a thousand deaths have been reported in Romania from the SARS-CoV-2 virus and over 16,000 infected people, according to the latest count presented by the Strategic Communication Group (GCS), the official coronavirus communication task force. There are still 14,313 people in institutional quarantine in the country, and another 18,980 are in isolation at home and under medical monitoring.
According to the latest report, most of the coronavirus cases are in Suceava – 3,317, Bucharest – 1,555, Neamt – 785, Arad – 679, Botosani – 632, Mures – 621, Brasov – 594, Hunedoara – 589, Galati – 522, Cluj – 516.
The state of emergency declared on March 16 included emergency measures with direct applicability in the areas of public order, economy, health, employment and social protection, justice and foreign affairs, as well as emergency measures with gradual applicability.
By a decree of April 14 regarding the extension of the state of emergency for another 30 days, first emergency measures were applied with direct applicability concerning the fields of public order, civilians, the economy, European funds, health, employment and social protection, justice, foreign affairs, transport and infrastructure, education and research.
During this period, 12 military ordinances were issued with measures in all these areas.
After the state of emergency is lifted, a state of alert will be declared. Parliament has adopted a government bill of measures for the state of alert, after bringing some amendments to the initial bill
Gov’t to pass emergency ordinance to move Romania from state of emergency to state of alert
The government will adopt today an emergency ordinance regulating the measures for Romania’s transition to a state of alert from a state of emergency declared as a result of the novel coronavirus epidemic that ends on May 15.
“Today, we will have to adopt a piece of legislation, an emergency ordinance to regulate all the necessary measures for the transition from a state of emergency to a state of alert, especially those measures concerning the rights of citizens, incentives that we granted for the state of emergency and that we will extend beyond. We will have to regulate all the necessary measures in the field of health, in the field of education, so that we can face the challenges that will definitely be extremely important, especially as far as organising academic exams (…) for the whole time of the alert state,” Prime Minister Ludovic Orban said at the beginning of a government meeting on Thursday.
Deputy Prime Minister Raluca Turcan announced the introduction on the supplementary agenda of the meeting of an ordinance on the extension until the beginning of June of some support measures for persons and companies taken during the state of emergency in some restricted areas, at the same time with economic recovery measures.
“We must take into account the decision of the Constitutional Court as the change must not affect rights and freedoms, because rights and freedoms can only be temporarily affected by law and Parliament has adopted a law to that end that will come into force on Monday,” Orban added.