By: Guillermo Ordorica R., Ambassador of Mexico to Romania
On July 20, 1935, Mexico and Romania established diplomatic relations. In the interwar period, the two nations fostered their first bilateral exchanges and began a constructive common history, committed to peace and the rule of International Law. Diplomatic ties between the two nations changed substantially due to historical events, but they never lost their constructive spirit. During the Second World War, contacts were interrupted and were not renewed again until 1973. In the period between the 1970s and the 1980s, several bilateral agreements were signed, opening new channels for cooperation. Later, in September 1989, Mexico closed its embassy in Bucharest due to budget restrictions. It reopened again in December 1995, prompting once more the rapid growth of ties between the two countries.
The bilateral relation is founded on common values such as freedom, liberty, the rule of law, democracy, respect for Human Rights, and free trade. Mexico and Romania are convinced of the relevance of an international order in which all countries are granted equal opportunities for progress. In the multilateral arena, this certainty is translated into outstanding cooperation in the United Nations Organization.
Our countries agree on the importance of guaranteeing global peace through improving the welfare of the people. Social justice is a key issue in the Mexican national agenda, which is reflected in its foreign policy through a particular focus on the establishment of adequate conditions for development. Consequently, during 2021-2022 Mexico will participate constructively as a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council.
Mexico and Romania are devoted to tolerance, multiculturalism and respect for diversity. Our nations have also a strong identity and national pride. In times of challenges such as the Covid-19 pandemic, both countries will continue following a cherished tradition of cooperation, friendship and trust. Precisely because of the global outreach of the pandemic, they have renewed their confidence in multilateralism, as the best diplomatic forum for addressing today´s challenges.
Mexico is enthusiastic about the enormous achievements of Romania and will always recognize the outstanding work displayed during its Presidency of the Council of the European Union, in the first semester of 2019, in particular its support to Mexican interests in the European space. As you may recall, recently successfully concluded the negotiation for the modernization of the trade chapter of the Global Agreement (2000) between Mexico and the European Union. For the relation between Mexico and Romania, the Agreement adds value to the institutional architecture that rules contacts among our countries and offers an efficient platform for continuing to develop our exchanges.
As a member of the European Union (EU) since 2007, Romania is today the 17th trading partner of Mexico among its member states. According to the European Commission, over 260 companies are exporting different kinds of goods and services to Mexico, in particular auto parts, electric generators, steel tubes and gas and air compressors. Mexico exports cables and isolated conductors for electricity, auto parts and a variety of plastics to Romania.
Economic exchanges are promising, but still far from their potential. Tourism, energy, agriculture and information technologies, among other strategic sectors, can boost the cooperation between our countries. It is important to underline that recently the Romanian company Amber established a branch in Guadalajara, Mexico. A leading brand in software development, Amber’s operations in the Mexican market are successful and confirm that Mexico is an attractive and safe destination for foreign investments.
With a favorable geography, Mexico is an open gate for free trade and business; it offers a natural and wide connectivity to the world. A stable and attractive economy, it has subscribed twelve free trade agreements with forty-six countries. It has also created new opportunities through initiatives such as MIKTA and the Pacific Alliance. As Romania is an Observer State of the Pacific Alliance, we are convinced that this condition opens new windows of opportunity for cooperation.
Yes, Mexico’s bilateral relationship with Romania is becoming more robust. Based on our mutual trust, we benefit from the vital work of the Honorary Consulates in Timisoara and Cluj-Napoca, in particular for promoting culture and business. The embassy opened its Military Attaché Office at the beginning of 2019, a major achievement for our bilateral relation, which we expect to increase the academic cooperation in the military field, as well as opportunities for the exchange of good practices in areas such as UN peace-keeping operations and humanitarian relief in cases of disaster. Both countries are now making progress towards bringing a Naval Attaché to the Mexican diplomatic mission.
The government of President Andrés Manuel López Obrador is working in favor of strengthening bonds with friendly countries that offer potential for cooperation, such as Romania. Future horizons for the bilateral relations are promising. In 85 years, we have displayed an outstanding diplomatic performance. As partners in a complex global environment, Mexico and Romania will continue following a cherished tradition of cooperation and commitment with peace and tolerance among nations.