President Iohannis: Along with the Greater Union, Independence is one of the pillars of the modern Romanian state
President Klaus Iohannis sent a message on Tuesday on the occasion of Romania’s National Independence Day.
“Today marks 145 years since the declaration of Romania’s independence, in a particularly complicated context for Europe, generated by the brutal and unprovoked war launched by the Russian Federation against another sovereign state, Ukraine,” the head of state said in the message.
President Iohannis states that, along with the Greater Union, Independence is one of the pillars of the modern Romanian state, and the celebration of this moment is a good occasion to remember the defining events for the history of our nation.
“In 1877, Romania proclaimed its independence, marking an important step towards the completion of national unity and towards a European statute. In Pleven, Rahova or Grivita, the Romanians impressed Europe with their courage, demonstrating the permanence of the union made in 1859. The great powers took note of the birth of a country that carved its own destiny on the Lower Danube, through the patriotic commitment of the political elites of the time, led by Prince Carol of Hohenzollern. The flourishing of culture, the rise of industry, transport and infrastructure, as well as the development of Romania’s international relations, all those were the immediate and direct result of gaining state independence. Unprecedented institutional, economic, and legislative modernization continued for several decades. The ideal of a sovereign and free nation was to be fulfilled only a generation later, through political vision and through the courage of the Romanians who, in 1918, achieved the Greater Union. These are the major coordinates of our history, which show us how difficult the road to modernity was and how much perseverance and strength of character our forefathers showed,” said the head of state.
President Iohannis emphasizes that freedom, the right of nations to choose and build their own destiny, the protection of human life and dignity are fundamental landmarks of the great democratic community.
“Today, when we witness the resurgence of an imperialist mentality, in the name of which an independent state is subjected to barbaric aggression, the significance of May 10, 1877 in the history of Romania is all the more relevant. Freedom, the right of nations to choose and build their own destiny, the protection of human life and dignity, all these are fundamental landmarks of the great democratic community to which we belong. The sacrifices of our forefathers represented the foundation of the development of European Romania. It is now our duty to uphold and defend the values and principles we share with our Euro-Atlantic partners,” the head of state concluded.
PM Ciuca: Romania’s Independence was hard to achieve, it took the sacrifices and blood sacrifice of the Romanian soldiers
Romania’s independence was hard to achieve, and it took the sacrifices and blood sacrifice of the Romanian soldiers for it to happen, and the country’s monarchy contributed directly to today’s Romania, a free and united country in Europe, Prime Minister Nicolae Ciuca said in a message on May 10, Romanian Independence Day, and Romanian Monarchy Day.
“On May 10, Romania is celebrating 145 years of state independence, proclaimed in the Romanian Parliament by Mihail Kogalniceanu, a foreign minister in the government led by Liberal Ion C. Bratianu, and acquired arms in hands in the 1877 Independence War on the battlefields of Pleven and Vidin. This holiday is all the more important as, according to the law, this year its celebration no longer overlaps the holidays associated with May 9 – the end of WWIII and Europe Day, but with the Monarchy Day. Serving Romania with honour and dignity, an invaluable part of our European heritage and destiny, on the battlefield or through diplomacy, the monarchy made a direct contribution to Romania today, a free country united in Europe, an ideal for which whole generations sacrificed themselves,” reads the prime minister’s message.
Ciuca said that Romania’s independence “was hard to achieve and it took the sacrifices and blood sacrifice of our soldiers.”
“It is our duty and responsibility to respect their memory and to honour their sacrifices by which Romania won full state Independence from the Supreme Porte,” said Ciuca.
He underlined that securing independence opened Romania’s path to modernity, Western values, and the recognition of its European vocation.
“As a result of a combined effort by the military, diplomacy and society as a whole, our independence strengthened the nation-building generated by the Union of Principalities and paved the way to modernity, Western values, and recognition of our European vocation. As King Carol I once said: ‘We have gained our independence with our own blood, and therefore we owe it only to ourselves.’ The freedom to choose our path, gained by the heroism of the Romanian soldiers, determines us, today, to look with respect at the history written by the forerunners and to understand its value, especially in this complicated period we are going through. Our presence in NATO – the strongest political and military alliance in the world – and in the EU place Romania under the sign of full protection of its irreversible pro-European option, also strengthened through a transatlantic partnership. Congratulations to all Romanians today, on Romania’s Independence Day! Happy Independence Day, Romania! Happy Independence Day, Romanians!,” Ciuca added.
Patriarch Daniel: We have a duty to preserve and cultivate the sacred gift of national independence
His Beatitude Daniel, Patriarch of the Romanian Orthodox Church (BOR), states in a message on the 145th anniversary of the Romanian War of Independence that we have a duty to preserve and cultivate the sacred gift of national independence, “a symbol of the dignity of the Romanian people”.
“This year marks the 145th anniversary of the proclamation of Romania’s Independence (May 10, 1877). In the unfolding of the events related to this great act of our history, alongside Prince Carol I, the politicians of the time and the country’s army, the Romanian Orthodox Church has played a significant role through the servant priests of the holy altars, the monastery dwellers and the faithful lay people,” transmits the Patriarch.
His Beatitude Daniel highlights the contribution of the Romanian Orthodox Church to the War of Independence.
“At the call of the Holy Synod of the Romanian Orthodox Church, hundreds of monks and nuns volunteered in the Romanian army, as nurses or stretcher-bearers. The hierarchs of our Church financially supported the Romanian Red Cross, which was at the beginning of its road. Committees of priests were formed in all dioceses to raise aid (money, clothing, food) to support the army, the widows, and war orphans,” says the Patriarch.
The Patriarch of the Romanian Orthodox Church pointed out that BOR “played an important role in supporting Romanian soldiers, in whom the military priests instilled courage and valiance, boosting their confidence in victory and in the justness of the cause for which they fought.”
“The Romanian troops were accompanied on the battlefields, in Grivita, Plevna, Rahova, Smardan and Vidin, by Orthodox priests employed in the religious service of the army, and some of them gave their lives heroically on the battlefields. The special merits of the Romanian clergy in the War of Independence have been recognized and appreciated. Those who survived the war were awarded medals – ‘Military Virtue’, ‘Faithful Service’ – or received the Order of the Star of Romania in various ranks. After the end of the war, in order to support the war orphans, the Romanian Orthodox Church organized orphanages and schools for children in monasteries, as well as sick-bays for the invalids,” underlines the Patriarch.
Patriarch Daniel recalls that after the end of the War of Independence, poet Mihai Eminescu and writer Ioan Slavici were among the first Romanian intellectuals to launch and support the idea of building a national cathedral, “as a sign of gratitude to God for obtaining Romania’s Independence, namely a religious edifice with the value of national symbol”.
“Today, all the citizens of Romania have the duty to preserve and cultivate the sacred gift of national independence as an act of justice and a symbol of the dignity of the Romanian people, obtained through many sacrifices of human lives and many spiritual and material efforts for the good of Romania and the joy of Romanians everywhere. Many Happy Returns, Romania!,” further reads the message of the Patriarch of the Romanian Orthodox Church on the 145th anniversary of the War of Independence.