Romania’s resident population numbered 19.201 million inhabitants, on January 1, 2021, and the women represented the majority, including 9.814 million people or 51.1pct of the total resident population, according to a press release of the National Institute of Statistics (INS).
Compared to January 1, 2020, on January 1, 2021, INS states that there is a deepening of the demographic aging phenomenon as a decrease in the young population (0-14 years) was recorded, by 4,400 people, representing a 15.8pct share in the total resident population, while the share of the elderly (aged 65 and over) increased from 18.9pct to 19.3pct (+43,200 people). The adult population (15-64 years old) represents 64.9pct of the total, decreasing by 166,000 people compared to the beginning of 2020. Within the adult population, the share of age groups increased from 15-19 years, 20-24 years, 45-49 years and 50-54 years and decreased that of the age groups 25-29 years, 30-34 years, 35-39 years, 40-44 years, 55-59 years and 60-64 years.
10,296 million people live in urban areas, representing more than half of the country’s resident population (53.6pct).
On January 1, 2021, the North-East development region (with the counties: Bacau, Botosani, Iasi, Neamt, Suceava, Vaslui) had the largest number of inhabitants, with a share of 16.5pct in the country’s resident population. At the opposite side of the scale is the West development region (consisting of the counties: Arad, Caras-Severin, Hunedoara, Timisoara) with a share of only 9.2pct in the resident population of the country. The Bucharest-Ilfov development region is the most urbanized region, the population living in municipalities and cities representing 88.1pct of the total population of the region.
In 2021, the natural increase of the resident population continued to be negative (of -156,000 people), its negative values being recorded in all regions of the country. The largest negative increase was recorded in the South-Muntenia region (-32,300 persons), and the smallest in the Bucharest-Ilfov region (-11,400 persons). Significant negative values of the natural increase were also recorded in the regions South-East (-24,000 persons), North-East (-21.500 persons) and South-West Oltenia (-19.600 persons).
INS mentions that the significant evolutions registered in the society, such as the decrease of the birth rate, the maintenance of a negative natural increase, the international migration, the change of the demographic behavior of the married couples are only some of the factors considered responsible for the decrease of fertility. its structure by age groups.
According to the press release, a constant concern of official statistics is the estimation of the resident population of Romania, as well as the calculation of specific indicators. Thus, the average age was found to continue to increase, reaching the level of 42.3 years on January 1, 2021. Also, it was noticed an acceleration of the demographic aging process from year to year, a fact highlighted by the constant weight of the 0-14 age category simultaneously with the increase of the share of the elderly population (65 years and over), a phenomenon highlighted by the demographic aging index. It increased from 81.0 (on January 1, 2005) to 122.4 elderly people to 100 young people (on January 1, 2021).
It is also estimated that the young resident population, young people of pre-school and school age, will continue to have a downward trend and will reach 3.12 million people in 2030, and only 3.50 million people in 2060 compared to 3.49 million in the school year 2021/2022.
INS sends this information on the occasion of the World Population Day, on July 11, Agerpres reports.