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November 30, 2022
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Commemoration ceremony on National Remembrance Day of the Victims of the Holocaust, at Holocaust Memorial

A commemoration ceremony of the Victims of the Holocaust organised on the occasion of the National Holocaust Remembrance Day took place on Friday, at the Holocaust Memorial in Bucharest.

“Paying a tribute to all those who lost their lives and were persecuted during the Holocaust in Romania were: the National Defence Minister Vasile Dincu, representatives of the following institutions: Presidential Administration, the Chamber of Deputies, the Government of Romania, the Foreign Affairs Ministry, the Interior Ministry, the National Agency for Roma and representatives of the Federation of Jewish Communities of Romania,” the “Elie Wiesel” National Institute for Studying the Holocaust in Romania (INSH), which organised the event, informed on its Facebook page.

Also attending the event were Ambassador of the State of Israel Reuven Azar, Ambassador of the Federal Republic of Germany in Bucharest Peer Gebauer, representatives of the Diplomatic Body, alongside groups of pupils within the Laude-Reut Educational Complex, the “Gheorghe Lazar” National College, the General School no. 1 in Joita, the Secondary School in Sabareni.

According to the INSH, this October marks 81 years since the beginning of the deportation of Jews from Bessarabia, Southern Bukovina and Northern Bukovina to Transdniester. Only in October 1941, over 35,000 Jews, mostly children, old people, women, from Dorohoi, Suceava, Campulung Moldovenesc, Vatra Dornei, Radauti, Gura Humorului and other localities in the vicinity were escorted to Transdniester. Between 115,000 – 118,000 local Jews and 105,000 – 120,000 Romanian Jews died in the camps and ghettos of Transdniester between 1941-1943.

The actions of the Antonescu Government during World War II were also directed against sedentary and nomadic Roma. This year marks 80 years since their deportation to Transdniester. Throughout 1942, over 25,000 Roma were deported to the counties of Balta, Golta, Berezovka, Oceacov by the Romanian authorities, as a result of the racial policy of the Antonescu regime. More than 11,000 of them lost their lives in those places, the INSH also mentioned.

 

PM Ciuca: The Holocaust was a premeditated crime that happened in the middle of society

 

The Holocaust was a premeditated crime that happened in the middle of society, a collapse of institutions, of all norms and humanity. It was generated by historical anti-Semitism, by the moral perversion of the political and intellectual elites and by all those who allowed democracy to be trampled underfoot and their peers excluded, persecuted or exterminated, Prime Minister Nicolae Ciuca declared on Friday, in a message on the occasion of the ceremony organized on the occasion of the National Day of Commemoration of the Victims of the Holocaust.

“National Holocaust Remembrance Day, October 9, commemorates the beginning of the mass deportations of Jews from Bucovina to Transnistria, the territory between Bug and Dniester under Romanian administration during the Holocaust. Starting from that day, over a hundred thousand Jews were embarked in freight trains, carried on foot for dozens of kilometers, frightened, humiliated, mistreated. Thousands more ended up dead during these deportations, from exhaustion, disease or cold. Individual executions were also part of this hellish transfer,” the prime minister said.

“We must never forget that 81 years ago the most terrible crime against innocent people, men, women and children, on ethnic and religious criteria began. Marshal Ion Antonescu’s regime – an absolute monstrosity – and his collaborators bear the full responsibility for the initiation and organization of the Holocaust, for the mass murder, but the failure of the entire society to save innocent people is a harsh reality that we admit and recognize,” Ciuca also said.

According to the head of the Executive, the fight against discrimination, anti-Semitism and xenophobia must be carried out on all levels, through political, administrative, educational measures and he emphasized that, “beyond the difficulty of the times”, “the fight against forgetting, indifference and the attachment to democratic values, freedom and humanity will win”.

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